'Free settlers' or 'Colonialists' — Colonial emigration
1960 - 1901
1900 - 1851
1850 - 1587
In 1850 the district of Port Philip is separated from New South Wales and becomes the colony of Victoria. Gold is discovered in May 1851. The first steamship arrives in Sydney in 1852. (The colony of South Australia had been separate from the time of its first settlement by Europeans in 1836.)
"In 1850 the Australian Colonies Government Act was passed by the British Parliament. It expanded the New South Wales Legislative Council so that by 1851 there were now 54 members - again, with two-thirds elected. The Act also permitted the creation of three other self-governing colonies with a Legislative Council on the NSW model: South Australia, Tasmania, and Victoria." (From the Parliament of New South Wales Web site.)
In 1852, the British government announces the abolition of convict transportation to the eastern colonies. "Most arrivals are unassisted immigrants from Britain, selected and despatched by the colonial land and emigration commissioners." (From the Victorian Immigration Museum Web site.)
In 1852, after Alexander MacArthur's death, Eliza MacArthur emigrates with her daughter Maria Alexina (b. 1838) to the colony of Victoria where, in 1853, she marries William Norris at St Andrews (C of E), Brighton.
In 1852 William Hayward (b. 1815 in Kent, d. 1890 in New Thebarton, South Australia) marries Catherine Murphy (b. 1835 in Ireland, d. 1892 in West Adelaide) in Holy Trinity, Adelaide.
In 1851 William Warren Dean (grocer, b. 1826 Macclesfield, Cheshire, d. 1876) marries Henrietta Kenyon (b. 1831 in Lancashire, m. 1851, d. 1890) in the Church of St Peter (C of E) at Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire. Their first child, Peter William, is born in Ashton under Lyne in July 1852.
In 1852, William Warren Dean and in 1855 Henrietta, arrive in the colony of Victoria. On his son John Henry's birth certificate, William Warren is shown as a 'Digger', and on his own death certificate as a 'Miner'. Thanks to Patricia Allen for research published in Silk, Gold and Chalk: some early history of the Deans, Perth, 2007.
In 1852 Elizabeth MacGugan (nee Monro, b. 1803, m. 1830, d. 1875) makes the voyage out to Portland, in the colony of Victoria, alone with five children. Her husband was Archibald (b. 1804, d. 1850).
In 1853, Robert Henry Caldicott (b. 1833, d. 1905) leaves Edgbaston and emigrates to the colony of South Australia along with his father Alfred Jolly (a printer and stationer, b. 1802 and christened in St. Martin's Parish Church, Birmingham, d. 1888). Possible resource: The History, Topography & Directory of Warwickshire, William West (1830).
Robert Henry's mother Henrietta (nee Saunders, b. 1804, m. 1831, d. 1866) also emigrates. He settles in Adelaide with his wife Emma (nee Saunders, b. 1831, d. 1891).
William Warren and Henriett Dean's third child, Mary Ann, born at Ovens goldfield in 1857 "so it is probable that the family were living in a tent/hut on the godlfields in the Beechworth area", writes Patricia Allen (op cit, p 11).
John Henry Dean born "at Campbell's Creek, Newstead Division (near Castlemain)" (Allen op cit, p 12).
In 1869, Thomas Michael Kewish (b. 1833, d. 1922), a tailor who lived in Ballaugh, Ireland, and (note: this is possibly a spurious name, we've already seen Thomas Michael Kewish married to Leonora Ann Kaye) wife Michaela (nee Leomintly, b. 1835, m. 1860, d. 1906) emigrate to Durham Ox, Victoria.
William Warren Dean dies "of 'Chronic Congestion of the Brain'" (Allen, op cit, p 13) in January 1876 in Bendigo, where he worked as a miner.
In 1879 Robert Saunders Caldicott (b. 1859, d. 1950) marries Elizabeth Hayward (b. 1859, d. 1930).
In 1892, John Henry Dean (b. 1861, d. 1922) marries Alice MacGugan (b. 1869, d. 1950).
In 1895, Robert James Kewish marries Alexina Reba Carr (b. 1868, d. 1948), daughter of Thomas and Maria Alexina.
Luis Antonio da Silva (b. 1878, d. 1926) marries Maria Nazare Ribeiro (b. 1882, d. 1922).
William Henry Caldicott (b. 1881, d. 1962) marries Carrie Morgan (b. 1880, d. 1913).